Image Manipulation

Images can be resized and/or cropped by appending the image manipulation query parameters on the relevant API endpoints. The following image formats are supported: png, jpg, bmp and gif

Resize

Using UUID

Endpoint: /api/v2/:projectName/nodes/:uuid/binary/:fieldname?w=220

Example Image
Figure 1. via UUID

Using Path

Images can be loaded similar to regular contents. It is also possible to load them using the WebRoot path.

Image By Path
Figure 2. via webroot path

Resizing Options

When loading an image with resizing parameters you can provide either the desired width by appending w=:width or the desired height by appending by appending h=:height.

Smart resizing and Cropping

It also possible to provide both dimensions. Note that in this case Mesh potentially crops your image to fit the desired dimensions. This happens when the aspect ratio of the source image is different from the requested dimensions. In these cases Mesh will crop either pixels at the top and bottom or left and right.

Providing no resize parameter yields the same result as providing resize=smart

Should you not want to crop the image but still have Mesh transform the image to fit the requested width and height you also have other options:

Proportional resizing

To make sure the requested image fits inside the provided dimensions you can provide the paramater resize=prop. This scales the image proportionally - but the resulting image can potentially hava a different aspect ratio than the requested dimensions. In practice the resulting image will often only have either the correct width or the correct height - but it will fit the provided 'bounding rectangle'.

Forced resizing

You can use the resizing option resize=force to request the source image with exactly the requested width and height and without cropping. Note that using the force-resizing mode can potentially lead to non-proportional resizing and thus potentially distort your image.

Image with width and height
Figure 3. When providing width and height Mesh resizes and crops the image to the desired format. Cropping happens only if necessary and only in one dimension.
Image with width and height and forced resize
Figure 4. When adding the resize parameter prop the image gets scaled proportionally to fit the dimensions.
Image with width and height and forced resize
Figure 5. When adding the resize parameter force the image gets distorted to fit the dimensions

Crop

You can also selectively extract a certain portion of your image by providing a cropping rectangle with the paramater rect=:startPositionXCoordinate,:startPositionYCoordinate,:WidthOfRectangle,:HeightOfRectangle&crop=rect.

It is mandatory to specify all four crop parameters when cropping an image.
Cropped image
Figure 6. Let’s say we want to highlight the motorcycle behind the car. We could do this by cropping everything else.
Cropping can also be combined with resizing.

Placeholders

You can use the dominantColor, width and height properties of the image fields to generate colored placeholder areas for your images. The dominantColor of the image will automatically be computed for each uploaded image.
{ node(path: "images/ford-gt.jpg") { path fields { ... on vehicleImage { image { width height dominantColor } } } } }

It is also possible to use the image manipulation in combination with the WebRoot endpoint.

Endpoint: /api/v2/:projectName/webroot/:path?rect=10,100,800,400&crop=rect

Focal Point

Responsive designs often suggest the usage of srcset images for responsive images. Sometimes those designs require image sizes which lead to cropped images. This could result in images which seem chopped off at the worst possible place or images which miss the important part.

You can however use the focal point feature in order to influence how the image should be cropped. Gentics Mesh will use the focal point information when cropping the image so that the focused area will remain in the image.

First you need to specify a focal point along with your image. You can store the focal point information within the binary field of your image or use the fpx and the fpy query parameters when loading the image. You can also use these parameters to override the stored focal point.

The width and height information via w and h parameter are also needed when loading the image. Otherwise Gentics Mesh can’t tell which area of the image needs to be cropped.

Finally the fpdebug parameter can be used to visualize the focal point. This is useful when testing designs and resize parameters.

In some cases you may want to show just a single area of the image. In this case you can use the fpz zoom parameter to zoom to the focal point area.

It is also possible to store focal point information along with the binary field. This way you can set the focal point once and omit it within the image request. In those cases it is not needed to specify the fpx and fpy parameter. Gentics Mesh will automatically load the missing parameter from the binary field if possible.

Responsive Design

You can use the focal point feature to mark the point of interest in your images. That information can be used to generate different size sets of your images. Different image sizes may be required by your responsive design. The focal point will be used by Gentics Mesh to crop the image in the desired way.

Image with FP
Image with FP
Image with FP

Updating Focalpoint

The focal point can be updated by updating the node which contains the binary field.

Example Request:
POST {apiLatest}/demo/nodes/df8beb3922c94ea28beb3922c94ea2f6

{
  "language": "en",
	"version": "draft",
  "fields": {
    "image": {
      "focalPoint": {
        "x": 0.9,
        "y": 0.7
      }
    }
  }
}

Alternatively the focal can also be set when transforming the binary field.

Example Request:

POST {apiLatest}/demo/nodes/df8beb3922c94ea28beb3922c94ea2f6/binaryTransform/image

{
  "version" : "1.0",
  "language" : "en",
  "width" : 300,
  "focalPoint": {
    "x": 0.2,
    "y": 0.4
  }
}

Transform and Update an Image

Gentics Mesh also allows you to transform (i.e, crop and/or resize) and overwrite an image in a single step. The image manipulation parameters then are part of the request body. This will effectively override the currently stored image with the image of the resulting operation.

Endpoint: POST /api/v2/:projectName/nodes/:uuid/binaryTransform/:fieldname

Example Request:

POST {apiLatest}/demo/nodes/df8beb3922c94ea28beb3922c94ea2f6/binaryTransform/image

{
  "version" : "1.0",
  "language" : "en",
  "width" : 300
}

Image Manipulation Query Parameters

Name Type Mandatory Description

crop

string

false

Set the crop mode. Possible modes: rect : The rect mode will work in combination with the rect parameter and crop the specified area. fp : The fp mode will utilize the specified or pre-selected focal point and crop the image according to the position of the focus point and the specified image size.

fpx

number

false

Set the focal point x factor between 0 and 1 where 0.5 is the middle of the image. You can use this parameter in combination with the crop=fp parameter in order to crop and resize the image in relation to the given point.

fpy

number

false

Set the focal point y factor between 0 and 1 where 0.5 is the middle of the image. You can use this parameter in combination with the crop=fp parameter in order to crop and resize the image in relation to the given point.

fpz

number

false

Set the focal point zoom factor. The value must be greater than one.

h

number

false

Set image target height. The width will automatically be calculated if the height was omitted.

rect

string

false

Set image crop area.

resize

string

false

Set the resize mode. Possible modes: force : The force mode will resize the image to the specified dimensions. This can lead to a distorted image when the aspect ratio of the source image does not match the destination aspect ratio smart : The smart mode will resize the image proportionally so that the resulting destination format matches the source format in at least one dimension. No distortion of the image will occur. prop : The prop mode will resize the image proportionally so that the resulting destination format fits inside the provided dimensions. No distortion of the image will occur.

w

number

false

Set image target width. The height will automatically be calculated if the width was omitted.

Find out more about this topic in our blog post about Gentics Mesh’s Image Manipulation API and Interface.